Cold Sore - Treatment And Home Remedies
Cold sores are a very common illness caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV).
The disorder is characterized by groups of fluid-filled blisters which appear on red swollen areas of the skin or on the mucous membranes. The areas can be tender and painful. The blisters heal without scarring but have a tendency to recur.
There are two main types of herpes simplex virus (HSV), although there is considerable overlap.
Infection from the herpes simplex virus. The virus is transmitted through seliva, stools, urine or eye discharge from the infected eye of someone with active herpes. Most persons are exposed to the virus in childhood. The virus remains in the body indefinitely, becoming active occasionally and causing an outbreak of blister. The following can trigger flare-ups:
Signs and symptoms
Cold sores usually appear on your lips. Occasionally, they occur on your nostrils, chin or fingers. And, although it's unusual, they may occur inside your mouth - but only on your gums or hard palate, which is the roof of your mouth. If the sore appears on other soft tissues inside your mouth, it may be a canker sore, but it's not a cold sore.
The appearance of cold sores is usually enough to diagnose them. The presence of the virus may sometimes be confirmed through laboratory analysis of a blood sample, or a sample of the fluid scraped from an active sore.
Home remedies to get rid cold sore
Acyclovir (Zovirax) is the drug of choice for herpes infection and can be given intravenously or taken by mouth. It can be applied directly to sores as an ointment, but is not very useful in this form. A liquid form for children is also available. Acyclovir is effective in treating both the primary infection and recurrent outbreaks. When taken by mouth to prevent an outbreak, acyclovir reduces the frequency of herpes outbreaks.
Drying medications such as Campho-Phenique, tincture of benzoin or benzoyl peroxide 5-10% for lesions close to the lip.
Wash your hands often during a flare-up. Avoid wrestling, judo, boxing and other sports involving physical contact until lesions heal.
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