Home :: Labyrinthitis
Labyrinthitis is an inflammation of the inner ear canals. The labyrinth is made up of 3 semicircular canals located deep inside the inner ear that help control your balance. Inflammation of these canals, or labyrinthitis, can occur as a result of a viral or, more rarely, bacterial infection .
- Virus infection (usually) in the inner ear.
- Other recent viral illness, especially respiratory infection.
- Bacterial infection in the inner ear.
- Spread of a chronic middle-ear infection.
- Head injury.
- Heavy exercise in hot weather, causing
dehydration or electrolyte imbalance from
- Stress, fatigue or overwork.
- Use of medication or toxic drugs, including
- Allergy or family history of allergies.
- Cholesteatoma (an accumulation of debris
covered by skin in the outer-ear canal).
- Exaggerated head, neck or trunk movements
in people with hardening of the arteries
- Transient ischemic attacks due to hardening
of the arteries (atherosclerosis).
- Heart-rhythm irregularity.
- Bleeding or tumor inside the brain.
- Excess alcohol consumption.
Signs and symptoms
- Extreme dizziness with head movement especially in people over 40 who may have hardening of the arteries in the neck (athero-sclerosis) Exercises that exaggerate head, neck and movements can cause kinking or narrowing of these arteries. The dizziness begins gradually and peaks in 48 hours.
- Involuntary eye movement.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Loss of balance, especially falling toward the affected side.
- Temporary healing loss.
- An ear examination may not reveal any changes.
- Differentiation from other causes of dizziness or vertigo may include:
- head CT scan or MRI scan
- hearing testing ( audiology/audiometry )
- caloric stimulation (tests reflexes of the eye)
- EEG , evoked auditory potential studies
Note- Follow your doctor's instructions. These instructions are supplemental.
Medical Treatment- See your doctor for
diagnosis and Possible prescription of medications. Hearing tests may be required.
Medication- Your doctor may prescribe:
- Antinausea medications.
- Tranquilizers such as diazepam to reduce
- Diuretics to decrease fluid accumulation in the
- Antibiotics to fight bacterial infection.
- Obtain prompt medical treatment for ear infections.
- Don't take medication that has produced dizziness without consulting your doctor.
- Follow all preventive measures for hardening of the arteries recommended by the American Heart Association:
Low-fat, low-salt, high-fiber diet.
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