Viral PneumoniaLung infection caused by a virus. It is unlikely that others will develop pneumonia from exposure to a person with viral pneumonia. Respiratory infections of all sorts constitute the most common non-injury disorder seen among those who exercise. This is especially true with, team sports, with exposure to cold or harsh weather, or with exhaustive exercise before developing sufficient cardiovascular-pulmonary conditioning.
Viral pneumonia is caused by a virus infection, including influenza, chickenpox (especially in adults), common cold viruses, and measles or other systemic virus infections. These viruses are most likely to cause pneumonia in those who:
Signs and symptoms
Findings at physical examination are similar to those of bacterial pneumonia . The diagnosis can be confirmed by isolation and identification of the pathogen through viral culture . Chest X-ray findings are usually nonspecific.
Most cases of viral pneumonia are mild and get better without treatment, but some cases are more serious and require hospitalization.
Antibiotics are not effective in treating viral pneumonia. Some of the more serious forms can be treated with antiviral medications. Other supportive care for viral pneumonia includes use of humidified air, increased fluids, and oxygen. Hospitalization may be necessary to prevent dehydration and to help with breathing if the infection is serious.
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