Basal Cell Carcinoma
Alternative names :- Rodent ulcer; Skin cancer - basal cell; Cancer - skin - basal cell
Skin cancer affecting the skin's basal layer (the 5th layer). Basal-cell skin cancer invades areas under skin, but it does not spread to distant areas. Skin of the face, ears, backs of hands, shoulders and arms is most frequently affected.
Skin damage from sun that occurs many years prior to the cancer's appearance. Persons most at risk include.
Signs and symptoms
A small skin lesion that does not heal in 3 weeks with the following characteristics:
The only way to diagnose basal cell carcinoma is to biopsy suspicious looking lesions. The preferred type of biopsy is called a shave biopsy in which the lesion is shaved off with a flexible razor. Depending on the extent of the skin cancer, another biopsy option is to excise the lesion. Useful information such as whether the complete tumor was removed and tumor depth can only be obtained by biopsy.
Treatment for basal cell carcinoma depends on the stage of the disease (i.e., whether it has spread to surrounding tissue), the size and location of the tumor, and the patient's overall health. Standard treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. In some cases, more than one treatment is used.
Medication- After surgery:
Home Treatment- After surgery:
Limit exposure to sun. Protect skin from sun exposure with a head covering, clothing or sunscreen.
Use high-quality sunscreens, preferably with SPF (sun protection factor) ratings of at least 15.
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