Vaginitis - Symptoms and Treatment
Irritation, infection or inflammation on the vagina. These are slightly more common in women athletes than in the female population at large.
For irritation : Function of clothing, especially tight clothing, that rubs against the skin or mucous membranes in the vaginal area. This occurs often in sports such as cycling, gymnastics or horseback riding.
For infection : When the vagina's hormone and pH balance is disturbed, germs multiply and cause infection. Germs may be yeast, fungi, parasites or bacteria. Factors that may disturb the vagina's balance include:
What is the difference between the three types of vaginitis?
Bacterial - infection is caused when healthy vaginal organisms are replaced by harmful bacteria. It is referred to as bacterial vaginosis and is the most common type of vaginitis.
Yeast - infection is called candidiasis. It is caused by a fungus and is the second most common type of vaginitis.
Protozoan - infection is called trichomoniasis and it is considered a sexually transmitted disease (STD). It is the least common and comprises 3 percent to 5 percent of all vaginitis infections.
Signs and symptoms
Vaginal infections can produce a variety of symptoms, such as abnormal or increased discharge, itching, fishy odor, irritation, painful urination or vaginal bleeding. When you have vaginitis, you may have some or all of these symptoms. If you have any of these symptoms, discuss them with your doctor or nurse so you can be tested.
In addition to a complete medical history and physical and pelvic examination, diagnostic procedures for vaginal Candida infections often include a microscopic examination of the vaginal discharge.
Medical Treatment- You may need to visit your doctor for application of special medication to the vagina.
Medication- Your doctor may prescribe:
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