Athletes are especially prone to heat illness in the months of July and August. Heat illness is a life threatening, medical emergency that can be prevented if you follow some basic guidelines, and are aware of its signs and symptoms
Illness caused by prolonged exposure to hot temperatures, high humidity, slow air movement and increased physical activity. Long runs are responsible for most heat illness in athletes. Heatstroke represents failure of the body's heat-regulating mechanisms, leading to a heat buildup in the body. Heat exhaustion represents a loss of body fluids. There are three major types of heat illness, each with specific symptoms.
Heat exhaustion is more severe than heat cramps and results from a loss of water and salt in the body. It occurs in conditions of extreme heat and excessive sweating without adequate fluid and salt replacement. Heat exhaustion occurs when the body is unable to cool itself properly and, if left untreated, can progress to heat stroke.
Heat cramps are a type of heat injury that usually occurs after strenuous exercise or an outdoor activity.
Heat stroke, the most severe form of heat illness, occurs when the body's heat-regulating system is overwhelmed by excessive heat. It is a life-threatening emergency and requires immediate medical attention.
Signs and symptoms
Heat cramps : Symptoms of heat cramps are severe pain and cramps in the legs and abdomen, faintness or dizziness, weakness, and profuse sweating.
Heat exhaustion :
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